Organic Value Recovery Solutions LLC © Organic Value Recovery Solutions 2010 © Organic Value Recovery Solutions 2010 Commercial production of anti-microbial products from the Black Soldier Fly Dr. Craig Sheppard and Dr. Larry Newton are two of the world's foremost experts in commercial production of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae. In over 30 years of finding solutions to rearing and production techniques, they have had the chance to make numerous observations of anti-microbial properties of the larvae. Testing has shown a greater than 100 fold reduction of inoculated pathogenic E. coli in media occupied by Black Soldier Fly (BSF) larvae compared to media without larvae.  An attempt to preserve chopped BSF larvae by ensiling (mixing them with ground corn and whey, inoculating with lactic acid bacteria, followed by anaerobic storage) failed to produce an ensiled product.  Fermentation was strongly inhibited by even the lowest larvae addition (1% of dry matter).  Just as mammals produce antibodies in response to many bacterial and viral infections, lower forms of animals also possess chemical defenses to microbes, although the molecules may often be simpler than mammalian antibodies. These may take the form of antibacterial or bacteriostatic proteins or peptides which are always present in a particular animal species which most generally competes with specific microbes for a food source, or requires that a specific micro flora be maintained in its digestive tract.  In addition to these "always present" bioactive molecules, lower animals often also have an arsenal of inducible antibacterial or bacteriostatic peptides which are produced only in the presence of insult. While this subject has received relatively little study, it appears that some (an unknown proportion) of these inducible peptides are effective against families of microbes rather than a specific microbial species. Anti-microbial properties aside, the BSF larvae is also a source of protein, lauric acid, chitin and other materials that are commercially valuable in numerous industries. When produced in commodity quantities, the BSF is a high-value additive for fish feed formulations in the aquaculture industry. While numerous attempts have been made to produce fly larvae in commercial quantities using a number of species, most of these efforts have not been practical or have resulted in failure. Since 2000, Dr. Sheppard has owned and operated a BSF larvae production company that distributes larvae nationally and internationally to the pet food industry. See: http://www.phoenixworm.com Customers include pet stores, reptile breeders and many zoos including the Cincinnati and San Diego Zoos. Based on this experience, Dr. Sheppard and Dr. Newton have now developed a system to produce BSF larvae in multi-tonne quantities using low-cost feed materials including Brewers Grains, waste foods and other low-cost or negative cost commercially available waste materials. Besides the advantages of producing BSF larvae for commercial or commodity products, the process itself truly is "green" and results  in diverting tons of waste materials from landfill sites around the world. The by-product of the larvae production process itself becomes another product - a soil amendment similar to vermi-compost that can be bagged and sold, resulting in a near zero-waste green recycling system.